A national legal framework to recognise and validate non-formal and informal learning and learning paths has been progressively developed in Italy since 2012.
The law n. 92/2012 led to the adoption of various provisions, including legislative decree n. 13/2013 on the national certification of competences and the validation of non-formal and informal learning.
As regards formal qualifications recognised nationally, in Italy, an important milestone was reached in January 2018, when the complete Italian NQF was adopted through an inter-ministerial decree that regulates the procedures and criteria for the allocation of qualifications at NQF levels. Italy has implemented reforms consistent with the principles of the EQF and the learning outcomes approach in various education and training subsystems.
The main challenge was the complexity of the education and training system, the high degree of fragmentation of the qualifications system and the difficulty of harmonising those issued at the regional level. This work has also led to the adoption of a learning outcomes orientation in a series of legislative acts, and it is expected that the further implementation of the learning outcomes approach will have an impact on teaching and learning. However, the gap between formal regulations and the practical implementation of learning outcomes remains a challenge.
- Category: Policy papers
- Country: Italy
- Language: Italian
- Type of file: Text file